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Science and art are two different ways of being in the world. Science is about questions that have answers. Art is about questions that do not. It is the lack of answers and the sense of being haunted by them that gives art its power Dr. Alan Lightman, in a NYTimes essay on the film and stage world's embrace of science based stories-- including Lightman's cult novel Einsteins' Dreams. With plays inspired by the sciences growing into a tattoo dating genre, I thought readers would find it helpful to have this annotated list of such plays reviewed at CurtainUp.

All things considered, everything on this list offered something of interest though there were as many misses as hits. As new science-math plays and musicals, fifth harmony and one direction dating, and operas come along, they'll be added to this work in progress.

Arcadia -London revival and Arcadia--Broadway production There are many who think that Tom Stoppard is Britain's best living playwright and that Arcadia first published gay dating someone older his best play.

David Leveaux's outstanding revival was enough of a hit at the Duke of York in London to transfer to Broadway in The play is set in Sidley Park, a beautiful Georgian mansion and estate. It opens exactly two hundred years ago in where the daughter of the landed gentry family, Thomasina Coverley is being tutored by the handsome Septimus Hodge who wants her to concentrate on Fermat's last theorem. The same scene is the setting for a twentieth century story. In the course of the play we examine algebra and algorithms, fashions in garden design, Byron's peccadilloes and many more possible diversions that the playwright allows us to expand mentally.

A facinating idea though our reviewer found it too disjointed. One stated influence is animal behaviorist Temple Grandin's Animals in Translation. Grandin's autism led her to suggest that the interpreting activity of the normal human brain trumps its own understanding of the reality known by other mammals, thus limiting human perception.

Another credited source is Paul D. MacLean's work on brain evolution and behavior. Chekhov Lizardbrain is shaped around MacLean's Triune Brain Theory, which identifies three separate brain layers within the human brain: The play focuses on entrepreneur Frank's desperate attempt to hold onto information in the company he founded in order to salvage what is left of his wife's fading memory.

A fascinating idea though according to our critic, it's the actors who make it work. Completeness by Itmar Moses. Good acting and direction and wonderfully slick staging will keep audiences engaged even if the tech talk fifth harmony and one direction dating computer and biological science grad students. It's essentially a romance.

Constellations Nick Payne's much applauded two-hander which merged traditional romance with highbrow talk about quantum mechanics and relativity. A combination that took it from London to Broadway where it's "hot ticket" status was boosted by its stars, Jake Gylenhaal and Ruth Wilson. Dora, filipinokisses com free dating sites opera in 2 acts The scientific delvings into the human mind can also serve as a mother lode for dramatic invention.

In this "science opera" the subject is Freud's analysis of one of his best-known and frustrating cases. It supposes that Einstein's dreams informed his inspiration for his theories on time, and takes a surreal look into his creative impulses. In this story, time is measured in images, not hours or days--time is variously a line, a circle, a hangman's noose. A musical of this little book-- essentially an amalgam of parables -- is also in the works.

A Stage Portrait This one-person bio-drama covered a lot of territory, with flashbacks from Einstein's Princeton home to various phases of his personal and professional life. These Nobel Prize winners differed widely on the scientist's purpose Einstein believed that his job was to put ideas out there; Haber believed in harnessing his talents to practical application. Einstein, a pacifist, remained a Jew, while Haber pragmatically converted to Christianity, only to learn that to the Germany he loved so much he would always be a Jew.

Ultimately, both men's work become subject to the rule of unintended consequences at work. The Einstein Project The Einstein met here was an intense, charismatic but not very loving or lovable man.

His relationship with his overly sensitive son are used to most tellingly illustrates the contradictions and flaws in his personality. He had an intense relationship with the boy, yet overchallenged him cruelly and ends up putting his public concerns before the boy's needs. An Experiment With An Air Pump Shelagh Stephenson's drama takes its title as well as its inspiration from a painting by Joseph Wright whose work often depicted scientific or industrial subjects.

In "An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump" the painter captured a scene demonstrating that life could not exist in a vacuum. Three men and four women the exact makeup of the cast are watching the oldest man pump air out of a glass globe the air pump into which a live bird has been placed. A fascinating, multi-layered drama. Aaron Sorkin's docudrama about the invention of television.

Fermat's Last Tango Instead of supplying the proofs for his theorems, the seventeenth century mathematician, Pierre de Fermat, often challenged others to do so. When a Princeton professor named Andrew Wiles finally proved this puzzling theorem in he became that rarest of species, a mathematician who captured the public's imagination.

Many months later, while sitting in his office, still studying that fatal error, he suddenly saw it. The Five Hysterical Girls Theorem A get together with a bunch of mathematicians at a British seaside resort infor a frolic about something called Number Theory.

One of its remarkable achievements, according to our critic, was that it conveyed a striking and yet earth-bound sense of what it means to be a mathematician, without either taking itself seriously or letting the underlying humanity escape.

Flight Orville and Wilbur Wright rank alongside Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison and other tinkerers and dreamers whose vision and perseverance profoundly changed the lives of people throughout the world. Arthur Giron's play thus fits this list even though it's more a family memoir than a play to give a great deal of technical insight into just how their flying machine actually worked.

The Fly Bottle Written by David Egan, a philosophy graduate of Harvard, this pits three famous philosophers, two also working witin the discipline of mathematics against each other.

A famous dispute between www tagged dating com of the three -- Ludwig Wittgenstein and Karl Popper -- prompts a Rashomon-like recapping from each man's point of view, as well as that of a third great 20th Century mind, Bertrand Russell. The mother's tenure and career is largely the result of her scholarship with regard to advancing a revolutionary theory known as "The Grandmother Hypothesis.

The scientific link is the son's occupation of bee keeping and discussions of theoretical physics and the gap between reality and our perception of it.

Hypatia Mac Wellman considers Hypatia, the 5th Century mathematician, pagan philosopher and inventor who was considered so inherently dangerous that Christian monks found it necessary to drag her through the streets of Alexandria, Egypt, before dismembering and then burning her body.

The play follows Hypatia's imaginary trajectory from that spectacle through 8th Century Byzantium and then on to the early 20th Century. Immaculate Misconception Carl Djerassi comes to playwriting as a man of science whose aim is to make science comprehensible and compelling for the layman. In this debut play, the chemist who developed the birth control pill and shepherded it to worldwide success has taken a cutting edge area of biomedical science known as intracytoplasmic sperm injection or ICSI and dramatized it in very human terms.

The fertilization technique of injecting a single sperm directly into a woman's egg under the microscope, followed by reinsertion of the egg into the uterus is not just demystified, but explored in terms of its human and ethical repercussions. Incognito Award-winning young playwright Nick Payne's follow-up to his hit 2-ander, Constellations.

Like that play it's a a dramatic intellectual puzzle about the workings of that most mysterious human organ, the brain. He's used the same edgy structure of fast-paced viewpoint switches and upped the number of actors from two to four. Unlike Constellation which was basically one story replaying the same characters' varied comings and going in parallel universes, Incognito zig-zags back and forth between three stories — two loosely fact-based and one completely fictional — involving twenty characters.

The most dramatic and probably best known real story is Payne's version of how American pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey stole Einstein's brain. The most moving story revolves around a young Brit named Henry in real life an Americanwhose experimental surgery to cure his seizures results in his inability to either form new memories or remember anything or anyone from his past. The most contemporary and strictly Payne inspired scenes involve two women who meet through a dating service.

One is a neuropsychologist who's only recently left a conventional marriage and is still coping with being open about her new sexual identity and the other is a less inhibited lawyer. Informed Consent The very real and well documented conflict and subsequent legal battle between science researchers at Arizona State University and the Havasupai Native American tribe provide the bases for Deborah Zoe Laufer's play.

The drama touches on quite a few moral and ethical issues, but mainly on a scientific one: The attempt by Jillian, a genetic anthropologist, to pursue and find clues to the devastating increase of diabetes in the tribe. That the results of scientific research may be as stunningly indeterminate and inconclusive as is the belief and dependence we have on our eternal myths fifth harmony and one direction dating validate who and what we are.

The Mythical Life Journey of Nikola Tesla The story of Nikola Tesla has been dramatized twice in recent years-- this stunning version with puppets is my favorite, not only about Tesla but of all the plays about men of science recently seen. While Atkins tries too hard to cover every possible cause and treatment methodology for autism, a stellar cast headed by Lisa Emery, made for an absorbing two hours.

The scientific field in the spotlight is archeology-- the main quest revolves around a lost statue of Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love. The playwright uses history to bring a real life love affair to a happy ending. A miscalculation led to Slotin's death from radiation nine days later.

Paul Mullins' play focuses on his final days. Monster Science as in sci-fi has, seeded a whole mythology about Victor Frankenstein and his scientific studies and eventual obsession with defeating death by creating new life from the bodies of the dead. This Classic stage adaptation was adapted by Neal Bell. A Number Caryl Churchill's provocative play about human cloning, reviewed in London and in New York, where the New York Theatre Workshop drastically reconfigured its seating area to replicate a19th Century medical operating theater.

The play revolved around a father coming face to face with three of possibly numerous other cloned versions of his son. The Other Play -- a World premiere by Sharr White about a a biophysicist specializing in neurological medicine. Just as she's busy promoting a break through drug she finds herself beset by the first symptoms of her own memory loss. Her condition kicks up conflicting and confusing memories of a family tragedy ten years earlier, fifth harmony and one direction dating.

A slick, absorbing segue between surreal scenes set in her own inner landscape and heartbreaking reality. The play, besides working as a science mystery, also works as an emotional thriller and family drama. Proof David Auburn's wonderful play takes its name from a mathematical procedure, but it's accessible to a broad audience since you don't have to know what a prime number is to sympathize with its characters, three of whom are indeed mathematicians. Rain Dance Lanford Wilson's play about four people contemplating the repercussions of the Los Alamos project in which two of the characters engineers-- physicists, really participated.

Cassandra Medley's contribution to Ensemble Studio Theatre's focus on science. The dating website ielts speaking topic explored the interaction gay dating nyc free racial politics and genetic research, with particular focus on the controversial idea that higher concentrations of melanin in the genetic makeup of people of color make them mentally, physically, and spiritually superior.

Our critic was disappointed that this wasn't more successfully dramatized or presented. The Ruby Sunrise Rinne Groff's play about a young woman bent on inventing the first electric television set.

She succeeds-- yet fails, and twenty-five years later, her daughter has become a television studio script girl and is determined that her mother's story be truthfully told. Initially, done out of town, the play had its New York premiere at the Public Theater, helmed by Oscar Eustis, its original director. It may not have enlightened you a lot about what medical researchers do with their test rabbits and how they compute their findings, but neither was it a for science majors only play.

Clyman has done considerable rewriting of this fast-paced psychological drama and this updated and recast version had a successful run at the Merrimac Theater and from there, moved to 59E59 for a limited run. Review of the production here. How can you make science stageworthy so that the audience is enlightened and entertained?


Term Definition A cappella -. One or more vocalists performing without an accompaniment. A symbol used in musical notation indicating to gradually quicken tempo. Music that is written and performed without regard to any specific key. Time in music history ranging from the middle of the 16th to the middle of the 17th centuries. Characterized by emotional, flowery music; written in strict form. A sequence of chords that brings an end to a phrase, either in the middle or the end of a composition.

Initially an improvised cadence by a soloist; later becoming an elaborate and written out passage in an aria or concerto, featuring the skills of an instrumentalist or vocalist. Originally an improvised cadence by a soloist.

Later it became a written out passage to display performance skills of an instrumentalist or performer. A musical form where the melody or tune is imitated by individual parts at regular intervals. The individual parts may enter at different measures and pitches. The tune may also be played at different speeds, backwards, or inverted.

A style of singing which is characterized by the easy and flowing tone of the composition. Music written for chorus and orchestra. Most often religious in nature. A quick, improvisational, spirited piece of music. Male singers who were castrated to preserve their alto and soprano vocal range. A short and simple melody performed by a soloist that is part of a larger piece.

Written for 2 to 10 solo parts featuring one instrument to a part. Each part bears the same importance. Singing in unison, texts in a free rhythm. Similar to the rhythm of speech.

A hymn sung by the choir and congregation often in unison. The music was spare and emotionally reserved, especially when compared to Romantic and Boroque music. There was a strong regard for order and balance. In sheet music, a symbol at the beginning of the staff defining the pitch of the notes found in that particular staff.

A composition written for a solo instrument. The soloist plays the melody while the orchestra plays the accompaniment. One who directs a group of performers. The conductor indicates the tempo, phrasing, dynamics, and style by gestures and facial expressions. Groups of tones that are harmonious when sounded together as in a chord. Two or three melodic lines played at the same time.

A piece of music written in triple time. Also an old French dance. In sheet music, an instruction to repeat the beginning of the piece before stopping on the final chord. A chord progression that seems to lead to resolving itself on the final chord; but does not. Where the musical themes and melodies are developed, written in sonata form. Harsh, discordant, and lack of harmony. Also a chord that sounds incomplete until it resolves itself on a harmonious chord.

Dull, monotonous tone such as a humming or buzzing sound. Also a bass note held under a melody. A piece of music written for two vocalists or instrumentalists. Pertaining to the loudness or softness of a musical composition.

Also the symbols in sheet music indicating volume. A piece of music played at the end of a recital responding to the audiences enthusiastic reaction to the performance, shown by continuous applause. A symbol in sheet music a direction to play energetically. Two notes that differ in name only. The notes occupy the same position. C sharp and D flat. The performance of either all instruments of an orchestra or voices in a chorus.

A musical composition written solely to improve technique. Often performed for artistic interest. The first section of a movement written in sonata form, introducing the melodies and themes. Atonal and violent style used as a means of evoking heightened emotions and states of mind.

A style of male singing where by partial use of the vocal chords, the voice is able to reach the pitch of a female. To hold a tone or rest held beyond the written value at the discretion of the performer. The interval between two notes. Three whole tones and one semitone make up the distance between the two notes.

Movement or passage that concludes the musical composition. A symbol indicating that the note is to be diminished by one semitone. Two whole tones and one semitone make up the distance between the two notes.

A composition written for three to six voices. Beginning with the exposition, each voice enters at different times, creating counterpoint with one another. Music written for a lively French dance for two performers written in triple time. A 17th century dance written in Quadruple time, always beginning on the third beat of the measure. Vocal composition written for three or more solo parts, usually without instrumental accompaniment. Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be played grandly.

Word to indicate the movement or entire composition is to be played very slow and serious. Word to indicate the movement or entire composition is to be played gracefully. Singing or chanting in unison without strict rhythm. Pleasing combination of two or three tones played together in the background while a melody is being played.

Harmony also refers to the study of chord progressions. A song of praise and glorification. Most often to honor God. A short piano piece, often improvisational and intimate in character. Arrangement of music for a combined number of instruments. Piece of instrumental music played between scenes in a play or opera. Short movement or interlude connecting the main parts of the composition. The expression the performer brings when playing his instrument. The manner in which tones are produced with regard to pitch.

The opening section of a piece of music or movement. System of notes or tones based on and named after the key note. The flats and sharps at the beginning of each staff line indicating the key of music the piece is to be played.

The technique of altering the tone color of a single note or musical line by changing from one instrument to another in the middle of a note or line. The seventh note of the scale where there is a strong desire to resolve on the tonic. Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be played smoothly.

A musical theme given to a particular idea or main character of an opera. Curved line connecting notes to be sung or played as a phrase.

A contrapuntal song written for at least three voices, usually without accompaniment. Refers to any great composer, conductor, or teacher of music. One of the two modes of the tonal system.

Music written in major keys have a positive affirming character. A form of music written for marching in two-step time. Originally the march was used for military processions. The unit of measure where the beats on the lines of the staff are divided up into two, three, four beats to a measure. Often used in overtures, a composition that uses passages from other movements of the composition in its entirety.

The voice between soprano and alto. Also, in sheet music, a direction for the tempo to be played at medium speed.


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Hodges With plays inspired by the sciences growing into a full genre, I thought readers would find it helpful to have this annotated list of such plays reviewed at CurtainUp. A Brief Glossary of Musical Terms. Term Definition; A cappella - One or more vocalists performing without an accompaniment.