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While time has passed, plastic surgery dating site, the stars have also grown up and finessed their style, looks and overall health. While they have ditched their poofs and sweatsuits, some of the cast members have since paid a visit to plastic surgeon Dr.

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Plastic surgery seems to be an invention of the modern age. The desire to attain physical beauty is no doubt one of the factors that has contributed to the popularity of this procedure. Apart from cosmetic reasons, plastic surgery is also carried out for reconstructive purposes. Yet, plastic surgery has been around longer than most people realize. One of the earliest instances of plastic surgery can be found in the Sushruta Samhita , an important medical text from India.

The Sushruta Samhita is commonly dated to the 6 th century B. The process is described as such:. The portion of the nose to be covered should be first measured with a leaf. Then a piece of skin of the required size should be dissected from the living skin of the cheek, and turned back to cover the nose, keeping a small pedicle attached to the cheek.

The part of the nose to which the skin is to be attached should be made raw by cutting the nasal stump with a knife. The physician then should place the skin on the nose and stitch the two parts swiftly, keeping the skin properly elevated by inserting two tubes of eranda the castor-oil plant in the position of the nostrils, so that the new nose gets proper shape.

The skin thus properly adjusted, it should then be sprinkled with a powder of licorice, red sandal-wood and barberry plant. Finally, it should be covered with cotton, and clean sesame oil should be constantly applied. When the skin has united and granulated, if the nose is too short or too long, the middle of the flap should be divided and an endeavor made to enlarge or shorten it. A statue dedicated to Sushruta at the Patanjali Yogpeeth institute in Haridwar.

Other contributions of the Sushruta Samhita towards the practice of plastic surgery include the use of cheek flaps to reconstruct absent ear lobes, the use of wine as anesthesia, and the use of leeches to keep wounds free of blood clots. It may also be pointed out that the Sushruta Samhita is also one of the foundational texts of the Ayurveda, the traditional medical system of India.

Therefore, the Sushruta Samhita contains more than just the description of plastic surgery procedures. The Sushruta Samhita , in its existing form, is said to consist of chapters containing descriptions of 1, illnesses, as well as several hundred types of drugs made from animals, plants and minerals. Furthermore, the Sushruta Samhita also contains surgical procedures divided into 8 categories, and different types of surgical instruments. In addition, Sushruta taught that in order to be a good doctor, one should possess medical knowledge in both its theoretical and practical forms.

To this end, he devised various experimental modules these can also be found in the Sushruta Samhita for his students to practice the different surgical procedures contained in his medical text. The Edwin Smith Papyrus - the world's oldest surviving surgical document - details practical treatments to illnesses and injury, but does not mention plastic or reconstructive surgery like the Sushruta Samhita. Written in hieratic script in ancient Egypt around 1, B.

During the 8 th century A. This Arabic translation, known as the Kitab Shah Shun al-Hindi or the Kitab i-Susurud , eventually made its way to Europe by the end of the medieval period. In Renaissance Italy, the Branca family of Sicily, and the Bolognese doctor, Gasparo Tagliacozzi, were familiar with the surgical techniques found in the Sushruta Samhita. Nevertheless, European mastery of plastic surgery, and surgery in general, only came several centuries later.

Meanwhile, in India the Suhruta Samhita has made Indian physicians highly skilled in surgical practice. The procedure was similar to that taught by Sushruta, though instead of grafting skin from the cheek, skin from the forehead was grafted instead.

In a way, this shows that medical knowledge in India was not a dead subject, and that innovations could be made to further refine surgical techniques from the 6 th century B. Sushrutha - Our Proud Heritage. Sushrut Father of Cosmetic Surgery. The first Plastic Surgeon in B. I am a university student doing a BA degree in Archaeology.

I believe that intellectual engagement by advocates from both ends of the spectrum would serve to Well that would be an interesting read. I bet those remedies and medicines are 10fold better than any crap pill they are shoving down peoples throats these days.

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See photos of Pamela Anderson before and after plastic surgery — including her high school yearbook pic! For as much as the shenanigans of the Jersey Shore cast have stayed the same, other things have changed. Simon Cowell admits he had $2, plastic surgery facelift procedure: Photos.

Nelson We address the many rumors regarding Scarlett Johansson's plastic surgery: Nose job, breast implants, breast implant removal, and lip injections. MEGAN Marx’s former partner, Tiffany Scanlon, has debuted her new face following a slew of plastic surgery procedures.